The lifetime rate of AAS use is reported to be 3.3% globally, with a higher prevalence among males (6.6%) than females (1.6%) .The lifetime rate of AAS use in Sweden is estimated to be 4.4%, which is above the global average and the highest reported rate in the Nordic countries .They have identified three key elements that should be addressed in AAS research to inform policy, practice, and interventions: information on AAS prevalence, use of other substances (beyond AAS), and determinants and correlates of AAS use.Tags: Thesis Statement About Lord Of The FliesLaw And Order AntithesisWriting A Research Paper OutlineCritical Thinking ExampleBest Colleges And Universities For Creative WritingBusiness Plan Power PointCs 201 Mid Term Solved PapersBiology Personal Statement HelpPhilosophy Of Nursing EssayEssay About The Poem My Papa Waltz
However, AAS use in recreational sports is increasing, and prevalence rates among recreational sportspeople are now believed to have surpassed rates among professional athletes , making this a public health problem.
In their recent report, The European Commission Group of Experts on AAS use in recreational sports concluded that there are few studies on AAS use, and that this compares unfavourably with alcohol and drug research .
The project consists of two studies: Study A will examine the prevalence of AAS use and the effectiveness of 100% PHT (aims 1 and 2), and data for Study A will be collected using questionnaires distributed to gym attendees at two assessment points: baseline (pre-intervention) and follow-up (post-intervention).
Study B will evaluate the implementation of 100% PHT (aim 3), and semi-structured interviews with participating stakeholders will be carried out post-intervention.
It has been proposed that AAS use may be part of a multi-drug use pattern [10–12].
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Studies have shown that people who use AAS are more likely to use alcohol and illicit drugs [10, 11, 13], although the association varies based on the type of drug .
Consequently, it has been proposed that AAS prevention efforts should also focus on the role of polysubstance use .
The use of nutritional supplements is widespread among AAS users [16–19], as such supplements are suggested to improve muscle growth, increase alertness, boost metabolism, and decrease weight or body fat.
Variables such as institutional human resource guidelines, state or federal statutes, rules, or regulations, as well as regional environmental conditions, may impact the relevance and implementation of these recommendations.
The NATA advises its members and others to carefully and independently consider each of the recommendations (including the applicability of same to any particular circumstance or individual).