Salvadoran Culture Essay

Skyrocketing crime, faltering economic growth, and persistent social inequality have further hampered full postwar reconstruction.

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North of the central highlands, and parallel to them, a broad interior plain drained by the Lempa River is situated at elevations between 1,300 and 2,000 feet (400 and 610 metres).

Intermittently broken by ancient dormant volcanic structures and adversely affected by poor drainage and high soil acidities, this interior plain has provided a less-attractive environment for human habitation.

These volcanoes are separated by a series of basins (commonly referred to as El Salvador’s central plain), lying at elevations of between 3,500 and 5,000 feet (1,000 and 1,500 metres), whose fertile soils, derived from volcanic ash, lava, and alluvium, have for centuries supported the cultivation of crops.

To the south, where the central highlands give way to the Pacific coast, is a narrow coastal plain with average elevations of between 100 and 500 feet (30 and 150 metres).

By the end of the 20th century, however, the service sector had come to dominate the economy. From the late 1970s to the early 1990s, El Salvador was the focus of international attention, owing to its civil war and to external involvement in its internal conflicts.

The war, which pitted a militarily and politically capable left-wing insurgency against the U.Because the Oligarchy viewed the Indians as disposable labor, they did not feel the need to treat them to prevent their numbers from dwindling.Instead, the Spanish replaced them with slaves imported from Africa (Montgomery 71).The entire territory of El Salvador is located on the Central American volcanic axis, which determines the major geographic regions of the country.Conchagua (4,078 feet [1,243 metres]) in the extreme east.El Salvador is bounded by Honduras to the north and east, by the Pacific Ocean to the south, and by Guatemala to the northwest.Its territory is situated wholly on the western side of the isthmus, and it is therefore the only Central American country that lacks a Caribbean coast.As a result of this, El Salvador plunged into an economic depression, and the Oligarchy had to find a new source of revenue, which they found in indigo (Montgomery 71).Indigo was profitable because of the increase in demand for textiles in Europe at this time (Krauss 59-60).And because they essentially ran the economy, they assumed that their actions were best for both their profits and the country's economy as a whole.Their selfish single-minded focus led to a growing economic inequalities, which was subsequently accommodated by ethnic and class However, the Indians were susceptible to the diseases brought over by the Spaniards, which led to a decline in the Indian population.

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