Over the past seven years, I have reviewed more than 150 scientific papers in my field. First, I’m getting the most up-to-date papers by this work.
Second, you know what others do in research, hence, the review broadens your scope. I got many certificates, appreciations, and awards for my reviews and feedbacks for those papers I reviewed.
Of course, by “bad” review I don’t mean that they reject or ask for a revision, but because the reviewer (sometimes the associated editors also) does not know to criticize or give feedback in principle.
Now, I know most of the journals are providing guides for reviewers, among other guides; however, these guides are too formal, and they don’t contain real advice.
I have written a few review papers, and this is my approach.
There are doubtless others that are equally effective, and some of these will be faster, but the approach that I will suggest is one that is thorough and defensible.Of course, you may know this already, but I reach it by experience.Now, I can confirm that my first review in 2011 is not like my review a few days ago.Once you have your question, start reading the literature to gather evidence.It is a good idea to do this in a systematic way to make sure that you are not cherry-picking the literature to support a pre-concieved idea or to favor the research of one particular group.Is it aimed at industry practitioners, who may not be able to read all the literature themselves, but need a good summary of the evidence and how it should influence their practice?Is it aimed at people in related fields who may be venturing into a new cross-disciplinary area?Next, read all the other review papers that have been published on related topics, or similar topics in related fields, over the previous two to three decades, to make sure that you understand what has been already done and to make sure that there is a gap in the existing reviews.You get the idea — you don’t have to pick one of these, but it is a good idea to frame your review around some question of which the answer is not obvious even to expert researchers in the field.Make sure that it is a journal that does publish reviews, and consider sending the editor a query first if you are not sure whether they publish reviews that have not been solicited. originally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google .