For more details and many more examples, see Chapter 29 of Scientific Style and Format. For the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication. Effects of aerosolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds. Grammar Girl: Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. Each example of an end reference is accompanied here by an example of a corresponding in-text reference. See Appendix 29.1 in Scientific Style and Format for more information. (Mazan and Hoffman 2001) For articles with 3 to 10 authors, list all authors in the end reference; in the in-text reference, list only the first, followed by “et al.” Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. In citation–sequence, the end references are listed in the sequence in which they first appear within the text.
Date of publication [date updated; date accessed];volume(issue):location. A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) may be included in the notes in addition to a URL, if available: Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D.
The two systems are identical except for the order of references. Essential notes provide information about location, such as a URL for online works. For books with more than 1 author, names are separated by a comma.
In both systems, numbers within the text refer to the end references.
For numerous specific examples, see Chapter 29 of the 8th edition of Scientific Style and Format. Extent can include information about pagination or number of volumes and is considered optional. For books with more than 10 authors, list the first 10 followed by “et al.” Wenger NK, Sivarajan Froelicher E, Smith LK, Ades PA, Berra K, Blumenthal JA, Certo CME, Dattilo AM, Davis D, De Busk RF, et al. Rockville (MD): Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US); 1995. Author(s) plus editor(s) or translator(s) Klarsfeld A, Revah F.
The following examples illustrate the citation–sequence and citation–name systems. Notes can include information of interest to the reader, such as language of publication other than English; such notes are optional. Organization as author Advanced Life Support Group.