These ships would have returned to France empty if we had not shown up.” Unfortunately, their furs are seized and they are fined for having left the colony without first obtaining permission from the governor, Pierre Voyer d’Argenson.The Governor’s actions against two men whom he had so recently honoured, is not without consequences as is the failure of the Minister for the Colonies to grant reparations sought by Des Groseilliers in 1661.Back in England in early May 1684, Radisson signs on again with the Hudson’s Bay Company. The Happy Return drops anchor near Port Nelson which soon is no longer in French hands.
These ships would have returned to France empty if we had not shown up.” Unfortunately, their furs are seized and they are fined for having left the colony without first obtaining permission from the governor, Pierre Voyer d’Argenson.The Governor’s actions against two men whom he had so recently honoured, is not without consequences as is the failure of the Minister for the Colonies to grant reparations sought by Des Groseilliers in 1661.
This year-long trip takes them west of Lake Superior where Des Groseilliers knows fine-quality furs can be found.
Their stay among the Cree and their meetings with other Amerindian tribes leads them to understand that the “salt sea” that their hosts talk describe, is Hudson’s Bay.
Around 1680, after expeditions that took him to the coasts of Africa and the Antilles, he resigns. Both France and her colony are deaf to his plans for retaking Hudson’s Bay and he is far away from his wife, the daughter of Sir John Kirke, one of the partners in the Hudson’s Bay Company. However, out of respect for her father’s wishes, Radisson’s wife refuses to leave the country.
The fact that she did not follow him in 1675, leads the French to believe that Radisson can still cross the Channel at will. Back in France, Radisson sees Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye whom he had met two years earlier and whom he had persuaded to take an interest in Hudson’s Bay.
He empties the storehouses, taking with him the furs which belong to the French.
In 1686, New France entrusted the chevalier Pierre de Troyes with responsibility for retaking the forts around Hudson’s Bay and capturing Pierre-Esprit Radisson who was staying there at that time.The reasons for this turnabout are unclear but it seems, having told the Company everything they know, they are no long of any value to the Company.In France, the pair are ordered back to Canada and told to come to an agreement with the authorities on how to ensure the French flag will once again fly over Hudson’s Bay.Des Groseilliers’ ship, the Nonsuch, reaches the Nemiscau (Rupert) River where Fort Charles is located.The following year the explorer returns to England with a shipload of furs. Created on May 2, 1670, the Company has three goals: fur trade, mineral exploration and finding a passage to the West.In London, near the end of 1674, Radisson and his brother-in-law meet a Frenchman who had been captured and brought to the Rupert River: Charles Albanel, a Jesuit priest.He persuades them to return to the bosom of France.In March of the following year, Louis XIV sends the colony’s administrators a message that showed that France finally recognized “the damage that this Radisson has done to the colony and the further harm he is likely to cause if he stays among the English[…] “.Having become a citizen of England in 1687, Radisson died in 1710, almost destitute.But he had lived in the woods and had enough scars by the age of 18 or 19 to convince Des Groseilliers of his bravery.Des Groseilliers hires him and in August 1658 or 1659, they undertake their first journey together.