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Through numerous anecdotes, Gladwell illustrates examples of “outliers”, or people whose achievements are different from those of the norm.
And it’s the biggest nine- and ten-year-olds who get the most coaching and practice.
Success is the result of what sociologists like to call “accumulative advantage”.
According to Gladwell, the idea of a “self made man” is nonexistent.
Ability and hard work alone do not result in greatness.
The only country we don’t see this going on is Denmark.
They have a national policy where they have no ability grouping until the age of ten.” Denmark waits to make selection decisions until maturity differences by age have evened out.One is left wondering about the data that he rejected because it didn’t fit with his arguments.Gladwell’s supporting examples seem too self-selected to make his ideas absolute.Gladwell takes undisputable results (for example, the successes of Bill Gate and the Beatles) and works backward looking for evidence to support his hypothesis.This is easy for him to do, because “evidence” is definable only in terms of ensuing success.In the book Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell challenges the notion of how success is achieved.Gladwell’s thesis states that there is logic behind why certain people are more successful than others, and this logic has more to do with opportunity and legacy than a person’s measured IQ.Players are judged on their own performance, not on anyone else’s, and on the basis of their ability, not on some other arbitrary fact.However, if we get a list of all professional hockey players and we look at their birth dates, we can see that they aren’t evenly distributed over all months of the year.But by the age of thirteen or fourteen, with the benefit of better coaching and all that extra practice under his belt, he really is better, so he’s the one more likely to make it to the Major Junior A league, and from there into the big leagues.The small initial advantage that the child born in the early part of the year has over the child born at the end of the year persists.