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If God truly became man, while remaining God, one might say of him that God died on the cross, that he was born of the Virgin Mary, that Mary was the mother of God, that Christ, who was passible and mortal according to his humanity, was omnipotent, eternal, the Creator of all things, according to his divinity.Some modern historians have tried to show that Cyril was actuated chiefly, if not solely, by motives of jealousy in his opposition to Nestorius; the latter being represented as the champion of orthodoxy, unjustly persecuted by his powerful rival in Alexandria.Christ is shown to be the only-begotten son of God, not merely a partaker of the divine nature, but truly and essentially God, because he enjoys this intimate and intuitive knowledge of the divinity as his own natural right.
John, so explicitly do they affirm that Christ is God: God . But whereas the author of the Pentateuch was concerned only with the origin of created things, St.
John speaks of the timeless origin of the Word, born of the Father from all eternity: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
If the Church jealously safeguards the true divinity of Christ, she is no less intransigent upon his real humanity; for the one no less than the other is revealed by God, the one no less than the other is essential to the work of the Redemption.
Comparatively little space will be devoted in the present essay to the purely scriptural basis of our faith in the divinity of Christ, in the first place because for those who accept the gospels as the inspired word of God, as all Catholics do, it is enough to read a few pages of the gospel of St.
But the revelation of Christ concerning the Fatherhood of God is a mystery which in other generations was not known to the sons of men; it had been hidden from eternity in God, who created all things (Eph.
iii 5, 9); it is a wisdom which is hidden, which God ordained before the world, unto our glory. Peter made his profession of faith in Christ, saying: Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God, Christ answered him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona, because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
If this were so then Christ would have added little to what was already common knowledge among the Patriarchs of the Old Testament, or indeed to what the human reason is able, even without revelation, to discern.
The Jews, who knew their Scriptures well, could have found in any one page of their sacred books abundant evidence of the providential care of God for the chosen people of Israel, and the author of the Book of Wisdom speaks clearly enough of the wisdom of God that reacheth from end to end mightily and ordereth all things sweetly (viii 1), ordering all things in measure and number and weight (xi 21); for he made the little and the great, and he hath equally care of all.
Having called him the image of the invisible God, the first born of all creatures (i.e. and he is before all, and by him all things consist .
born before all creatures), he continues, in a passage so magnificent that any commentary would but weaken its force: In him were all things created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible . The opening words of the epistle to the Hebrews are reminiscent of the first chapter of the Gospel of St. in these days hath spoken to us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the world.