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Justice in The Republic is harmony, both internal and external.Internal harmony is a proper balance in the soul, and external harmony manifests itself in the state.
The virtuous individual possesses inner harmony, a balance among the faculties of the soul.
In order to live a good life, the virtuous individual must live in a just society; the life of the just individual may not be happy one.
Kids appeal to it “it’s not fair that he gets two pieces of cake” just as critics of multinational corporations make use of it “Paying workers twenty cents an hour is unjust! The second concern the implementation of justice, how we make the world a just place to live.
This is an issue that concerns everyone: politicians, religious leaders, and everyday citizens the implementation of just social and economic and political structures is the foundation of a durable world peace.
According to Nagel, Rawls was always deeply concerned about the “injustices associated with race, class, religion and war.” Slavery was the model of injustice for Rawls, and a good moral theory would not only condemn slavery, but would do so for the right reasons.
He was an infantryman in World War II and was familiar with the horrors of war.
This reaction caused a change in public opinion, leading to the enactment of the landmark caused a change in public opinion, leading to the enactment of the landmark Civil rights act of 1964, the most sweeping legislation ever enacted to protect majority rights in the United States.
This legislation helped change social and legal attitudes to bring the “American dream” of justice, equality, and freedom to all Americans, regardless of their race, religion, or ethnic background.
For Plato, justice is an unavoidable social and political concept, so a meditation on the nature of justice naturally becomes a meditation on the ideal society and State.
In volume one of The Republic, we see Plato surveys several different and conflicting conceptions of justice.