To attain this Bacon was in favour of sending over a reform commission of peaceable men chiefly of respect and countenance.However if Tyrone proved to be dissembling and the peace deal collapsed, a full re-conquest had to be determined upon and Essex himself should be ready to take up the charge.
They cover topics drawn from both public and private life, and in each case the essays cover their topics systematically from a number of different angles, weighing one argument against another.
A much-enlarged second edition appeared in 1612 with 38 essays.
The Essays are written in a wide range of styles, from the plain and unadorned to the epigrammatic.
Seene and Allowed (1597) was the first published book by the philosopher, statesman and jurist Francis Bacon.
Essex, he reckoned, would gain honour simply by being seen to have the right people employed there and he should start by consulting those in England with experience of office or martial affairs in Ireland.
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A second letter soon after shows that Essex was indeed taking a closer interest in Irish affairs and it indicates that he had asked the advice of this ignorant statesman on the ongoing talks with the Earl of Tyrone.Bacon's genius as a phrase-maker appears to great advantage in the later essays.In Of Boldness he wrote, "If the Hill will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go to the hill", which is the earliest known appearance of that proverb in print.Success in Ireland would be not just transient and enriching victories such as Essex had already won against Spain like capturing some rich carrack but a more permanent and worthwhile achievement.In Ireland Essex would be engaged in a civilising mission to replant and refound the policy of that nation, to which nothing is wanting but a just and civil government.Bacon was willing to give Tyrone the benefit of the doubt but wanted soldiers ready in England if a peace could not be secured.It is plain that Bacon preferred the peace option in Ireland so as to eliminate the threat of Spanish intervention, to win over wayward subjects there by just measures and to eventually divide and disunite the Irish confederates.Another, under the title Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, was published in 1625 with 58 essays.Translations into French and Italian appeared during Bacon's lifetime.It is concentrated here in one block in modernised spelling and punctuation and is organised in chronological order so that the development of his interest can be easily tracked.This edition, which incorporates a couple of newly-identified pieces of Bacon, has different types of document position papers with their covering letters, one recorded speech, various business letters, two reports, two court prosecutions and five legal opinions.