Jefferson treasured his books, and amassed a total of three libraries in his lifetime.
Jefferson treasured his books, and amassed a total of three libraries in his lifetime.The first, a library of 200 volumes started in his youth which included books inherited from his father and left to him by George Wythe, After the British burned the Library of Congress during the War of 1812, he sold this second library to the U. government to jump start the Library of Congress collection, for the price of ,950.Jefferson used a portion of the money secured by the sale to pay off some of his large debt, remitting ,500 to William Short and ,870 to John Barnes of Georgetown.
Previously, he had served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.American foreign trade was diminished when Jefferson implemented the Embargo Act of 1807, responding to British threats to U. After retiring from public office, Jefferson founded the University of Virginia.Jefferson, while primarily a planter, lawyer and politician, mastered many disciplines, which ranged from surveying and mathematics to horticulture and mechanics. Jefferson's keen interest in religion and philosophy led to his presidency of the American Philosophical Society; he shunned organized religion but was influenced by both Christianity and deism. He was a prolific letter writer and corresponded with many prominent people.The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights, motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation; he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level.During the American Revolution, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress that adopted the Declaration, drafted the law for religious freedom as a Virginia legislator, and served as the second Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781, during the American Revolutionary War.Small, Wythe and Fauquier recognized Jefferson as a man of exceptional ability and included him in their inner circle where he became a regular member of their Friday dinner parties where politics and philosophy were discussed.Jefferson later wrote that he "heard more common good sense, more rational & philosophical conversations than in all the rest of my life".With Madison, he anonymously wrote the controversial Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions in 17, which sought to strengthen states' rights by nullifying the federal Alien and Sedition Acts.As president, Jefferson pursued the nation's shipping and trade interests against Barbary pirates and aggressive British trade policies.In 1752, at age nine, he began attending a local school run by a Scottish Presbyterian minister and also began studying the natural world, for which he grew to love.At this time he began studying Latin, Greek, and French, while also learning to ride horses.