Human trafficking and migrant smuggling are complex phenomena that affect people in different ways. Human trafficking involves the recruitment, movement or harbouring of people for the purpose of exploitation - such as sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or organ removal.
Victims can be children or adults, boys, girls, men or women, and are trafficked by the use of improper means such as the threat or use of force, fraudulent schemes, deception, or abuse of power. Human trafficking is therefore characterized by an act (recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of people), specific means (threats or use of force, deception, fraud, abuse of power, or abusing someone's vulnerable condition) for the purpose of exploitation (for example sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or organ removal).
Criminal networks have become increasingly good at luring vulnerable people into being exploited.
More and more efforts are needed to help prevent TIP and SOM.
However, smuggled migrants are often put in dangerous situations by smugglers (such as a hazardous sea crossings), and might therefore become victims of other crimes during the smuggling process, including severe human rights violations.
A group of people charges money from migrants to drive them across a border into another country, thus bypassing the official entry requirements and border controls of the destination country.
The project is being implemented in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). ACT aims to provide assistance to governmental authorities and civil society organizations across 13 strategically selected countries: Belarus, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao PDR, Mali, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, South Africa, and Ukraine.
It supports the development of more effective responses to trafficking and smuggling, including providing assistance to victims of trafficking and vulnerable migrants through the strengthening of identification, referral, and direct support mechanisms.
Students had to write an essay on "The menace of human trafficking and migrants smuggling." More than 100 students submitted essays and the jury selected the top 20 entries to receive awards.
This competition is part of a nationwide awareness campaign supported by GLO. The campaign is being rolled out at the national level and includes the distribution of 500,000 information leaflets on Trafficking in Persons (TIP) and the Smuggling of Migrants (SOM), the display of 1200 information banners in key districts, the setting up of social media platforms that currently reach over 1.4 million users as well as public service messages on radio and the sending out of 500,000 SMS messages in high risk areas to raise awareness about the dangers of TIP and SOM.