Even during the food surplus period, most of the Hilly and Mountainous districts suffers food deficit situation.
At present 17 percent of the population is suffering from malnourishment.
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However, its definition has been evolved overtime in order to encompass a variety of issues, moving from its initial treatment as an economic phenomenon (from Rowntree in 1901) to take on a number of social phenomenon (to HDI by UNDP in 1990 and Amartya Sen in 1999).
At present context the definition propounded by Amartya sen is the most commonly used definition.Monetary poverty is a quantitative measure of poverty using information on income or consumption, whereas non-monetary poverty is associated with the insufficient outcomes with respect to health, nutrition, and literacy, with deficient social relations, and with insecurity, and low self-confidence and powerlessness.Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world in terms of monetary as well as non-monetary dimension of poverty.Imbalanced growth in rural and urban areas could be the reason for increase in gini coefficient.Reduction of poverty in urban areas remains always high compared to that of rural areas.She remains the poorest country in the South Asia and ranks as the twelfth poorest country in the world in terms of Gross National Income (GNI) with per capita GNI of US0 in the year 2006 (World Bank, 2008a).The per capita income though reached US8 per annum in the year 2008, the country still remains one of the poorest countries in the world with the wide income disparities, and poor access by a large section of the population to basic social services (Asian Development Bank, 2008).These 10 facts about poverty in Nepal highlight the various issues that contribute to the problem and the impact that they have on the country.Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.Nepal being the poorest country in the world poverty remains one of the crucial development agenda in Nepal since it started its development effort in 1956.