This [first] class is nearly at the height of their power; they must decline or moderate, or another revolution will ensue, for the opinion of America is becoming daily more unfavorable to those radical changes which high-toned government requires. The second class is composed of those descriptions of men who are certainly more numerous with us than in any other part of the globe.A conflict would terminate in the destruction of this class, or the liberties of their country. First, those men who are so wise as to discover that their ancestors and indeed all the rest of mankind were and are fools.
These men do not swim with the stream as the trimmers do, but are dragged like mud at the bottom.
As they have no other weight than their tat flesh, they are hardly worth mentioning when we speak of the sentiments and opinions of America.
Those who thought any national government would be destructive to the liberties of America . Requisitions were made, which every body knew it was impossible to comply with.
Either in 82 or 83, ten millions of hard dollars, if not thirteen, were called into the continental treasury, when there could not be half that sum in the whole tract of territory between Nova-Scotia and Florida. The public honor was tarnished, and our governments abused by their servants and best friends.
Ultimately, should the administration promise stability to the new government, they may be counted on as the Janizaries of power, ready to efface all suspicion by the violence of their zeal.
In general, all these various people would prefer a government, as nearly copied after that of Great Britain, as our circumstances will permit. Others still retain a deep rooted jealousy of the executive branch and strong republican prejudices as they are called.
The foreign merchants are generally not to be trusted with influence in our government– they are most of them birds of passage.
Some, perhaps British emissaries increasing and rejoicing in our political mistakes, and even those who have settled among us with an intention to fix themselves and their posterity in our soil, have brought with them more foreign prejudices than wealth.
The opposite qualities of the first confederation were rather caused by than the cause of two parties, which from its first existence began and have continued their operations, I believe, unknown to their country and almost unknown to themselves-as really but few men have the capacity or resolution to develop the secret causes which influence their daily conduct. Those who were merely confederal in their views, were for dividing the public debt.
The old Congress was a national government and an union of States, both brought into one political body, as these opposite powers-I do not mean parties were so exactly blended and very nearly balanced, like every artificial, operative machine where action is equal to reaction. Those who were for national government, were for increasing of it. assisted those who thought it our only safety-to put everything as wrong as possible.