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Throughout the history of the earth, man has evolved from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people we are today.Studying this progression, we come upon many fascinating places, things, and peoples.
Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations existed on the banks of major rivers.
Mesopotamia resided on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers while Egypt resided on the Nile River.
The civilizations had many similarities, but they also had their differences.
There are many aspects that are needed to define a "civilization." However, the most obvious foundation of all civilizations is their need of water sources.
Although they share this characteristic, the difference lies in how each civilization viewed these rivers.
In both places, they believed that the forces of nature reflected the decisions and actions of their deities.Mesopotamia had a patriarchal society that held women from many rights.While women had to stay at home to care for the children and the house, men were off either in the government, farming, scribing, etc.Middle class consisted of soldiers, scribers, and laborers such as farmers. Though they both had similar structures, Egypt had more of a middle class in their structure, while Mesopotamia’s structure had much more of an upper class because of the city states.Proof of these divisions in social structure was the ziggurats in Mesopotamia and the pyramids in Egypt.This view developed from the many natural obstacles they were burdened with.Although their rivers gave life and enabled agricultural growth, it was these rivers that were turbulent and destructive.The most prominent development, in my opinion, would be the development of civilizations.The first of these civilizations would be the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians.These extreme conditions resulted in the suffering and hunger of the Mesopotamians.In contrast, the Egyptians felt that their gods were loving and protective.