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, “ambition must be made to counteract ambition.” The executive and legislature were designed to battle each other for power, but what does this look like in practice?The federal government is currently shut down as President Trump and Democrats in Congress have been unable to agree on a budget to pass.Objectives: Follow-up Activity The Bill of Rights Institute has a platform where students can engage with each other and voice their opinions on current events.
This lesson will ask students to examine the War Powers Act as an example of our constitutional checks and balances at work.
Through this example, students will come to analyze how this tension between branches leads to the preservation of liberty.
While Congress is given the power to declare war and to fund operations, the executive is delegated authority in conducting the war as commander-in-chief.
The Founders believed war to be a dangerous event during which time the United States would need one authority to quickly make decisions to protect the nation.
By separating the duties of various employees into clearly defined roles, businesses, and organizations are better able to ensure that rogue employees or executives cannot harm a business without the intervention of other employees.
Having these types of internal controls in a business can help improve operational efficiency. First, the legislative branch is the part of the government that makes laws, but the executive branch gives veto power to the president, allowing the president to keep the legislative branch in check.However, executive orders are often declared for the benefit of the country and are rarely considered unconstitutional.For example, President Obama, on April 19, 2016, proclaimed an executive order that blocked property and suspended entry into the United States of all people who were seen to contribute to the current situation in Libya.While Locke believed that the people as a whole would ensure that this prerogative power was not abused, our Constitution gives that role to the legislative branch.The Founders applied Locke’s ideas on prerogative power to foreign policy.The United States Constitution provides checks and balances for the U. government through the separation of powers between its three branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. In addition, the judicial branch, the part of the government that enforces the laws put into effect by the legislative branch, can deem certain laws unconstitutional making them void.The Constitution gave specific abilities to each one of these three branches to ensure that no one section of the government could obtain excessive unchecked power. Moreover, while the president has veto power, the legislative branch can overturn a president's veto with a two-thirds "supermajority" vote by both houses of Congress.Checks and balances are important in businesses and other organizations where one individual can make decisions that affect operations.However, checks and balances can cost more money and decrease efficiency but can be critical in helping to identify internal and external theft.Checks and balances usually ensure that no one person or department has absolute control over decisions, clearly define the assigned duties, and force cooperation in completing tasks.The term is most commonly used in the context of government.