(2, 7) This change in mood is observable by others and medications, substance abuse, or another medical condition does not cause the symptoms. A manic episode is a period of an elevated or irritable mood for at least one week.
(2, 7) The symptoms must cause problems in daily functioning and cannot be caused by a medical condition or drugs.
A hypomanic episode must be a period of at least four days, during which the affected person feels elevated or irritated–a marked difference from the depressed period. During this period the sufferer often enrolls themselves in many activities or ...
(2, 7) The symptoms are: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, more talkative than usual, flight of ideas or racing thoughts, distractibility, psychomotor agitation or an increase in goal-directed activity, excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that may have negative consequences. Researchers are currently hunting for mood-disorder genes that lead to manic depression. likely to happen in the depressive side of bipolar disorder and the patient must be closely watched for suicidal tendencies. In contrast to hypomania is mania, which is a more extreme case of hypomania.
(4) As more and more studies have been performed on this disease, the peculiar occurrence between extreme creativity and manic depression have been uncovered, leaving scientists to deal with yet another puzzling aspect of the psychopathology.
(5) Patients with bipolar disorder swing between major depressive, mixed, hypomanic, and manic episodes.
It is important to note that, except for the last symptom, all of these symptoms must be present nearly every day.
(2, 7) In addition to major depressive episodes, patients with manic depression also feel periods of hypomania.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a psychopathology that affects approximately 1% of the population.
(1) Unlike unipolar disorder, also known as major affective disorder or depression, bipolar disorder is characterized by vacillating between periods of elation (either mania or hypomania) and depression.